-ate, from insulate Latin def. orig.

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a suffix occurring originally in nouns borrowed from Latin, and in English coinages from Latin bases, that denote offices or functions ( consulate; triumvirate; pontificate), as well as institutions or collective bodies ( electorate; senate); sometimes extended to denote a person who exercises such a function ( magistrate; potentate), an associated place ( consulate), or a period of office or rule ( protectorate). Joined to stems of any origin, ate 3, signifies the office, term of office, or territory of a ruler or official ( caliphate; khanate; shogunate).

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